Axinite comes from the Greek AXINE which means "axe," on account of its unusual crystal structure which is sharp and axe-like.

Axinite is a group of minerals which is made up of calcium aluminum borate silicate. This group includes one of the following elements: each being a variety of Axinite.

- Ferro-axinite, or iron-rich axinite come in purple, brown to black colors.

- Magnesio-axinite, or magnesium-rich axinite, come in pale blue to gray colors. These two are the most popular types of axinite.

- Manganaxinite is a manganese rich axinite that comes in yellow to orange colors; has a unique red fluorescence

- Tinzenite is iron and manganese axinite that comes in light yellow color.

Axinite is very popular with gem collectors because of its rarity and unique crystal structure which is triclinic. This makes the crystals appear flat and spatula-like.

Gem-quality Axinite is rare. But when they are faceted or cut en cabochon, they produce impressive, brilliant and gorgeous jewelry.

Axinite has a hardness of 6.5 to 7 on Mohs scale. It is transparent to translucent. It has a highly vitreous luster with a good cleavage.

Axinite has strong pleochroism. It exhibits a variety of colors depending on the light and angle from which it is viewed. Pleochroism only exists in gems with doubly refractive crystals and it is caused by differing absorption of light rays within the crystal. Other gemstones that display this phenomenon are Andalusite, Tanzanite, Kyanite and Iolite.

Axinite also has fascinating pyro- and piezoelectric properties. This means that it has the ability to create an electrical current when heated or cooled rapidly, or when pressure or stress is applied to the crystal. Other pyro- and piezoelectric gemstones are Tourmaline and Prehnite.

Axinite comes in a variety of colors such as lilac, purple, brown, black, and pale blue to gray as well as yellow-orange. However, most Axinite gemstones come in the golden-brown or reddish-brown color and has a red orange fluorescence.

Axinite can be mistaken for other gemstones like Smoky Quartz, Andalusite, Sphene and Barite and also for yellow colored ones like Hessonite Garnet, Chrysoberyl, Topaz and Tourmaline. However, its unique color and pleochroism makes it easily identifiable.

Most axinite gemstones come with inclusions. Flawless specimens of axinite are extremely rare.

Axinite is not typically treated or enhanced. It is one of the few gemstones that remain untreated throughout production.

Axinite deposits are found in Brazil, France, Mexico (especially Baja California), Russia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Pakistan.

Axinite is an extremely grounding stone and is believed to be highly beneficial for maintaining cellular interactions.

Its produces negative ions that helps to neutralize the electromagnetic fields that we are inundated with from electronic devices like handphones, microwave ovens, WIFI and routers. It releases the lethargy and headaches from the ill effects from these negative energies. It makes us happier, more optimistic, creative and energetic. Axinite gives vitality to the wearer.

Axinite is an intermediate and helps assist in avoiding and resolving power struggles at home and at the work place. It helps us by making a peaceful dialogue possible and reducing resentment.

Few people have heard of this precious stone. Besides being extremely rare, its demand is also limited. So, it will be very difficult to find Axinite in local jewelry stores. Its color changing pleochroism make Axinite very attractive, besides its rich glimmering golden-brown or reddish-brown color.

Despite its rarity, it is still a very affordable gemstone.

Because of its pyro- and piezoelectric properties, Axinite tends to collect dust more than most other gems and needs to be cleaned often. You can clean your Axinite using mild soap and a soft cloth. You can also dry-clean it with an anti-static cloth. Avoid any extreme heat or temperature variations because it can cause permanent damage to your Axinite gemstone. It has a brittle nature. Therefore, keep it away from other harder jewelry that can cause damage to this very rare precious stone.