Hessonite comes from the Greek word "esson" which means inferior. It refers to hessonite's inferiority in density and hardness as compared to most other garnets. However it is anything but inferior in vedic astrology.

Hessonite is one of the most sacred stone in Hindu mythology. Hessonites are said to be the fingernails of the Hindu god Vala. In Sanskrit, hessonite is called gomedh which means "of the color of cow's urine". Gomedh of this color which is bright golden orange is considered as the best gem. If a real hessonite is left in cow's urine for 24 hours, the color of the urine changes.

Hessonite is a gem quality of grossular garnet, the calcium-aluminium silicate member of the garnet family. This semi-precious stone comes in a variety of hues from yellowish orange, golden orange, honey-yellow or reddish brown and is most notable for its cinnamon-like colors. Therefore hessonite is also known as the cinnamon stone. Hessonite is transparent to translucent. It sometimes contains honey-colored inclusions which does not devalue the gemstone. Lower grade hessonite is opaque. When polished, hessonite has a glass-like luster.

Other types of grossular garnets include the more common green grossularite, chromium-rich tsavorite, the green hydrogrossular garnet and the rare leuco garnet (colorless).

Hessonite is often found with hyacinth (red stone with shades of brown and yellow) and other varieties of zircon. At one time Hessonite was confused with zircon and other stones like spinel, chrysoberyl, alexandrite, tourmaline and sapphire that were found in the same locality due to their similar colors.

The finest hessonite mine deposits come from Sri Lanka, but hessonite is also mined in India, Myanmar (Burma), Madagascar, Brazil, in Quebec Canada, the United States, in California and Tanzania.

Hessonite is ruled by the vengeful planet Rahu. Therefore vedic astrology has strict rules about wearing hessonite as it carries the characteristics of the malefic planet. Advice should be sought from astrologers so that it is compatible to your birth chart. Hessonite or gomedh if placed correctly greatly enhances your luck, wealth and power. But if it is badly placed or not suitable to your horoscope, it can bring chaos and bad luck to your life.

Hessonite is generally regarded as a protective talisman against the ill-effects of the red planet Rahu. It is one of the planetary gemstones in Vedic astrology. It is believed that wearing a 2 carat or larger hessonite gemstone will bring success, fortune and long life to the wearer.

It is also used as a talisman for protection and good for people who travel a lot. It was believed that this gemstone could illuminate the night and that it had the power to banish demons.

Hessonite calms the mind and relieves depression, deep seated anxieties and mental problems. It induces a good night’s rest. It also boosts concentration and focus and therefore is excellent for students and people in the research fields.

It is said that hessonite is effective in treating skin diseases. It improves communication skills and helps to develop an attitude of contentment and gratitude.

It is the birthstone for the month of January and is a 2nd year wedding anniversary gemstone. Couples are encouraged to wear hessonite as it brings peace and harmony in relationships.