PYROPE is derived from the Greek word PUROPUS or PUR which means Fire and from OPS which means Eye. Thus, Pyrope means the Eye of Fire. The name refers to the intense red of Pyrope Garnet which the ancient thought to be the fiery red glow of dragons’ eyes. The brilliance is the result of its high refractive index at 1.72 - 1.756.

Pyrope garnet is the most popular of Garnets. It is a magnesium aluminum silicate. It occurs in a cubic, rhombic dodecahedron, icositetrahedron crystal structure.

Pyrope garnet is red and sometimes it comes with a brown tint. It has a hardness ranging from 6.5 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale. It is transparent to opaque, with a glass-like luster.

Pyrope garnet color resembles that of ruby or pomegranate seeds. Pure Pyrope is extremely rare. It usually occurs in combination with other minerals like Almandine or Spessartite.

Almandine and Pyrope garnets have identical colors but they differ in their chemical composition. Almandine is of an iron aluminum chemical composition, while magnesium is the essential chemical component of Pyrope. A rose-red and violet variety of Pyrope is sold as Rhodolite. It is a blend of Almadine and Pyrope.

When Pyrope is mixed with Spessartite, it exhibits a colour change quality. In daylight, its color changes from a light brownish, yellowish, or greenish to a pink or purplish color in incandescent light.

Most Pyrope garnets come with no inclusions. They are eye-clean. Due to its hardness level, it can be cut into a wide variety of shapes. They usually come in small sized stones as large sized garnets are extremely rare and these most often are in a red that is almost black.

Garnets are cut en cabochon or faceted. It is the faceted garnet that best displays the stunning brilliant red color that had captivated so many hearts for centuries.

In the ancient times, red en cabochon cut gemstones were known as "carbuncles". The word refers to a burning piece of coal or ember and it also means pus-filled boils. Many of these carbuncles were found to be red garnets.

Garnets are one of the oldest known gemstones. Egyptian pharaohs used red garnet thousands of years ago for both decorative and ceremonial purposes. Many were found buried in ancient tombs.

Romans, too, love their garnets so much so that they traded garnet gemstones or used it as barter.

Bohemian Pyrope Garnet refers to the red garnet found in Bohemia (Central Europe) around the 16th century. It is also found in the Czech Republic where it continues to be mined today. Garnets from the Czech Republic are deep red in color and are usually referred to as 'Bohemian garnet' or 'Prague garnet'.

Garnets contain high concentrations of iron and/or manganese, thus they easily attract neodymium magnets. This is an important characteristic that distinguishes garnets from other red gemstones.

Pyrope garnet is not known to be treated or enhanced in any way but buyers should be on the lookout for fakes.

Garnet is known as the Traveler’s Stone. It brings security, self-confidence and stability. It encourages self-love and compassion towards others. Since ancient times, red Garnet was believed to heal the blood and bring about optimal blood circulation.

Garnet is also a stone of abundance and prosperity. It brings success to one's business and endeavours.

It is a long-held belief that garnets shield wearers from harm. It has protective power against injuries and poison. Ancient warriors wore garnets to battle and they also decorated their swords with garnets to protect themselves and to inflict bloody wounds.

Pyrope's fiery red and touch of bronze became the fashion color in Europe of the 18th and 19th century and were frequently used in jewelry.

Due to its high rating on the Mohs scale, garnet is tough and durable enough even to be made into rings without any protective setting. It is a very popular gemstone due to its similar red color to Ruby and yet is much more affordable to own. It is the inexpensive alternative to red Ruby.

Garnet is the zodiacal stone for Aquarius, and the traditional birthstone for January. It is also the second anniversary gemstone.

Pyrope Garnet deposits can be found in China, Madagascar, Myanmar, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and the United States. Deposits in the Czech Republic are still mined but not for commercial purposes.